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The Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon

As every legal document, the Constitutional law adopted in 1996 which revised the 1972 constitution came out of a precise political environment, of a confluence of given political forces. The document seems to have been adopted late, in fact with a rupture from the popular pressure that marked the early nineties. At the time of its adoption, the powers in place seemed to have gradually regained control of the political scene, this explains why the document is somehow a deviation from the consensus arrived at during the Tripartite Talks by leaving out many constitutional points of accord that were reached between the various parties. It will not be an overstatement to say that it is the Draft Copy of the Owona Commission that one finds the air of consensus reflecting the Tripartite Talks. From the moment that this itinerary was deviated the constitutional process embarked on a conservative posture, which put in place certain elements, which the Owona Commission did not stand for.

Ten years after the promulgation of the law that revised the 1972 constitution, all the institutions created are not yet in place. Even some that have been put in place have not been empowered with persons charged with rendering them functional. This is the case with the Regions, the Senate And by extension, the constitutional council, administrative courts, the minor courts of accounting/auditing. These structures are subject to the famous principle of progressivity enunciated in Article 67 sub-1, of the Constitution. This means that the constitution has not yet been deployed as a means of regulating the political process in Cameroon.

Alain Didier Olinga, He was born on the 15th of September 1966. He holds a Doctorate in Public Law from the University of Montpellier I (France).

He has the capacity (HDR) to direct research in law. He is the Head of the Department of International law at IRIC, where he is a permanent lecturer.

He is the author of many articles in national and international reviews, both African, European; he is equally a member of the Commission on economic, social and cultural rights of the African union.

He is married and father of three. He was decorated with the medal of “Chevalier de l’Ordre National de la Valeur” in 2003.

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